Grafik Info-Center Behindertensport in Deutschland

Adressen: Internationale Dachverbände

Behindertensport-Organisationen

Am besten läßt sich die Welt des Behindertensports durch ihre Unterschiedlichkeit und Vielfältigkeit kennzeichnen. Die Unterschiedlichkeit betrifft dabei die verschiedenen Sportveranstaltungen und Sportmöglichkeiten genauso wie die unterschiedlichen unabhängigen Organisationen, die diese Sportmöglichkeiten anbieten. Während der allgemeine Sport durch individuelle Sportverbände organisiert wird, die wiederum vom Internationalen Olympischen Komitee auf höchster Ebene repräsentiert werden, wird der Sport für Athleten mit Behinderungen sowohl von sportartspezifischen Organisationen als auch von behinderungsspezifischen und von behindertensportspezifischen Organisationen sowie von allgemeinen Sportverbänden organisiert. Die Darstellung der verschiedenen beteiligten Organisationen mit ihren Verbindungen und Strukturen beginnt auf internationaler Ebene mit dem Internationalen Paralympischen Komitee und den internationalen Organisationen des Sports für Menschen mit Behinderungen (IOSD). Es folgt die Darstellung dieser internationalen Organisationen. In Tabelle 1 werden die Verbindungen der einzelnen teilnehmenden Länder zu diesen internationalen Verbänden dargestellt. Im weiteren werden die landesspezifischen Organisationen beschrieben, das heißt, wie man sie erreichen kann, ihre Geschichte, ihr Auftrag und ihre Verantwortungsbereiche, ihre Verbindungen zu anderen wichtigen Verbänden und Institutionen und ihre Organisationsstruktur.

INTERNATIONALE BEHINDERTENSPORT-ORGANISATIONEN
Die detaillierten Angaben zu diesen Organisationen sind in englischer Sprache widergegeben, da die Ausführungen zur Geschichte, zum Auftrag und den anderen aufgeführten Fragen im Original aus dem Englischen stammen und somit eine Übersetzung zwar einen Eindruck vermitteln kann, jedoch zugleich eine Verfälschung der originalen Selbstdarstellung wäre. Aus diesem Grunde wurde an dieser Stelle auf die deutsche Darstellung verzichtet.

INTERNATIONAL PARALYMPC COMMITTEE (IPC)
The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) is the global governing body of the Paralympic Movement. The IPC organizes the Summer and Winter Paralympic Games, and serves as the International Federation for nine sports, for which it supervises and co-ordinates the World Championships and other competitions. The IPC is committed to enabling Paralympic athletes to achieve sporting excellence and to developing sport opportunities for all persons with a disability from the beginner to elite level. In addition, the IPC aims to promote the Paralympic values, which include courage, determination, inspiration and equality.

Founded on 22 September 1989, the IPC is an international non-profit organization formed and run by 162 National Paralympic Committees (NPCs) from five regions and four disability specific international sports federations (IOSDs). The IPC Headquarters and its management team are located in Bonn, Germany.

IPC International Paralympic Committee
President: Sir Philip Craven
CEO (Geschäftsführer): Xavier Gonzalez
Adenauerallee 212-214
53113 Bonn
Germany
Tel. +49-228-2097-200
Fax: +49-228-2097-209
URL: Homepage IPC

About the IPC

Mission Statement (Mandate)

Organisationsstruktur des Internationalen Paralympischen Komitees

Die Beziehungen zwischen dem IPC und den anderen internationalen Organisationen des Sports für Menschen mit Behinderungen (IOSD)
Als Gründungsmitglieder des IPC sind die internationalen Dachorganisationen des Sports für Menschen mit Behinderungen direkt im Exekutivkomitee vertreten und unterstützen das IPC als das zuständige Organ für die Organisation der Winter- und Sommerspiele nach Kräften. Der Sport für Menschen mit Behinderungen erfordert eine starke und einheitliche Stimme an der Spitze. Um dies zu gewährleisten, wurde das IPC gegründet.
Gleichwohl erkennt das IPC die Bedeutung der anderen internationalen Organisationen des Sports für Menschen mit Behinderungen für die Entwicklung des Sports an und hat die Sportentwicklung als vornehmliche Aufgabe dieser Organisationen und ihrer weiteren Organe formell anerkannt. Zusammenfassend sei gesagt, daß das IPC für die Paralympischen Spiele, für Weltspiele von verschiedenartig Behinderten und für regionale Meisterschaften des IPC verantwortlich ist und daß die anderen internationalen Organisationen des Sports für Menschen mit Behinderungen ihre eigenen Weltmeisterschaften, ihre Spiele und die Sportentwicklung verantwortlich gestalten.

Das Internationale Paralympische Komitee (IPC) ist der internationale Dachverband der Paralympischen Bewegung. Das IPC organisiert die Paralympischen Sommer- und Winterspiele und agiert ebenso als internationaler Verband für neun Sportarten, für die es Weltmeisterschaften und andere Wettkämpfe überwacht und koordiniert. Das IPC ist bestrebt Paralympischen Athleten die besten Möglichkeiten zur sportlichen Entfaltung zu geben und unterstützt die Entwicklung von Sportmöglichkeiten für Menschen mit einer Behinderung in der ganzen Welt, sowohl auf Anfänger- als auch auf Leistungssportniveau. Zusätzlich wirbt das IPC für die Paralympischen Werte, wie Mut, Entschlossenheit, Inspiration und Gleichheit.
Es folgt eine Auflistung der sechs internationalen Organisationen des Behindertensports (IOSD):

1. ICSD The International Committee of Sports for the Deaf (CISS)
(Internationales Komitee des Gehörlosensports)
President: Donalda Kay Ammons
528 Trail Avenue
Frederick, Maryland 21701
USA
fax: +1 301 620 2990
e-mail: info@ciss.org

History: The first International Silent Games, a deaf version of the Olympic Games, were held in Paris, France between the 10th and 17th of August, 1924. The events included athletics, cycling, football, shooting, and swimming.
Following the success of these games, deaf sporting leaders assembled in Paris on the 16th of August, 1924, and founded the "International Committee of Silent Sports” or CISS. In 1977, CISS changed the title of the organization to read "Comité International des Sports des Sourds”. Presently, all World Games are called "World Games for the Deaf”. CISS was a member of the IPC until 1995. It currently has a direct relationship with the IOC.

Mission Statement/Purpose:
  • Developing and controlling the physical education in general and practice of sports, in particular among the deaf of the world.
  • Promotion of relations between the countries practising sports for the deaf and using its influence to initiate and then give guidance to the practice of these sports in countries where it is unknown.
  • Supervising the regular celebration of the World Games for the Deaf, World Championships and Regional Championships.
The motto of CISS is PER LUDOS AEQUALAITAS (Equal Through Sport).
(Olenik et al., 1995)

2. CP-ISRA Cerebral Palsy International Sport and Recreation Association
President: Ms. Elizabeth Dendy
9 Kingsford Road
London W4 5EU
United Kingdom
Tel./Fax +44 181 994 4262

History: CP-ISRA was founded in 1978. Before this date, sport activities for people with cerebral palsy were organized by the Sports Leisure Group of the International Cerebral Palsy Society (ICPS). CP-ISRA is a member of the IPC and has competed in the Paralympic Games since 1980. CP-ISRA is the only international disability sports federation that actively promotes recreation .

Mission Statement: CP-ISRA is committed to providing world-wide opportunities for people with cerebral palsy and related conditions, particularly traumatic brain injury and strokes, to participate in sporting and recreational activities (Cerebral Palsy-Sport and Recreation Association, 1994).

3. IBSA International Blind Sport Association
President: Mr. Enrique Sanz
c/o Quevedo 1
28014 Madrid
Spain
Tel. +34 1 589 4533
Fax. +34 1 589 4537
URL: Homepage IBSA

History: IBSA was formed in 1981 and since this date its athletes have competed in the Summer and Winter Paralympic Games. IBSA also holds its own events for blind athletes and runs many programs to assist countries in developing sport for the blind.

Mission Statement: The purpose of IBSA shall be:
  • to encourage friendship among blind athletes
  • to involve and inspire the greatest possible number of blind persons for regular sport activities.
  • to promote and disseminate the ideas of competitive sport and recreational sport for the blind.
  • to uphold the Olympic ideal and to act in accordance with its principles.
  • to promote the purposes and the ideas of IBSA in schools for the blind and among blind youth in general.
  • to plan, promote, and coordinate international events and activities designed to stimulate the further development of sports programs for the blind in all nations.
  • to provide for an international forum for the exchange of experience and options, aids and resources related to sports for the blind.
  • to draw up universal rules for sports for the blind.
  • to provide appropriate assistance to organizations, institutions and individuals working in the field of sports for the blind.
  • to ac t as final authority in cases other than those covered by decisions of the jury of an international event (International Blind Sport Association, 1993)


4. INAS-FMH International Sports Association for Persons with Mental Handicap
President: Mr. Bernard Atha
Town Hall
Leeds LS1 3AD
United Kingdom
Tel. +44 113 247 8328
Fax. +44 113 247 7747

History: The International Sports Association for Persons with Mental Handicap was founded in January, 1986, in the Hague, the Netherlands. INAS-FMH immediately joined the International Coordinating Committee (ICC) and became one of the founding members of the IPC. Since that time, INAS-FMH has hosted World Athletics and Swimming Championships as well as the Madrid Paralympic Games, held immediately after those in Barcelona. INAS-FMH organizes its own World Championships and has sent teams to the IPC sponsored World Championships in Swimming (Malta) and Athletics (Berlin). The 1992 Lillehammer Winter Paralympics included exhibition events for INAS-FMH athletes and, in 1996, INAS-FMH athletes took part in the Summer Paralympic Games held in Atlanta.

Mission Statement: Recognising the rights of persons with mental handicap to participate in sports activities at all levels, and recognising the importance of sports in the personal development and integration of the mentally handicapped in the community, INAS-FMH shall:
  1. Endeavour to further the development of sports for persons with mental handicap from all parts of the world in an international sports movement;
  2. Provide appropriate assistance and advice to individuals and organizations working for the development of sports for the mentally handicapped, especially in underdeveloped areas:
  3. Organize or cooperate in the organization of seminars and conferences on questions of sports for persons with mental handicap, including the promotion of educational sports programs;
  4. Disseminate information concerning the various levels of competitive sport, fitness activities, and recreational sports for persons with mental handicap;
  5. Establish universal rules for sorting events of a competitive nature for mentally handicapped persons and keep records of performances as provided for in INAS-FMH rules;
  6. Act as a planning, promoting, coordinating, governing body for international events coming under the jurisdiction of the INAS-FMH;
  7. Promote the idea of integration of persons with mental handicap in society (INAS-FMH, 1991)


5. ISMWSF International Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Sports Federation
President: Mr. Donald Royer
2165 Lamartine St.
Sherbrooke, Quebec J1J 4R3
Canada
Tel. +1 819 822 3153
Fax. +1 819 821 7970

History: The International Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Sport Federation is perhaps best known for its development from the pioneering work of Sir Ludwig Guttman with people with spinal cord injuries at Stoke Mandeville. He organized the first Stoke Mandeville Games in 1948, where sixteen competitors from two hospitals participated in archery. The following year, five hospita ls entered teams from Great Britain. Sir Ludwig announced publicly that he saw the time when this event would be truly international and the Stoke Mandeville Games would achieve world-wide fame - as equivalent to the Olympic Games for athletes with a disability.
The International Stoke Mandeville Games Federation (ISMGF) was first constituted in 1960 and has now changed its name to International Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Sports Federation (ISMWSF) to encompass all wheelchair athletes. In 1982, it was one of the four founding members of the International Coordinating Committee of World Sport Organizations for the Disabled (ICC) and in 1986, it played a leading role in the founding of the International Paralympic Committee. ISMWSF continues to be a worldwide movement with some 80 member countries and it organizes a wide range of international events.

Mission Statement:
  • To foster and encourage the development of athletes in wheelchair sport internationally from grass roots to elite level.
  • To provide and promote competitive opportunities, including annual international Games for sports on the ISMWSF programme, and create the best possible environment from which competitors can produce their lifetime's best performances.
  • To enhance the public profile and understanding of international wheelchair sport.
  • To maintain and support all sports on the ISMWSF programme to achieve their objectives in terms of development and training to raise competitive standards.
  • To maintain a source of technical expertise specific to wheelchair sport through the organization of seminars and tr aining courses for coaches/trainers, officials, classifiers, and athletes.
  • To ensure the ongoing development and participation in wheelchair sport on a worldwide basis through publication/production of newsletters, training manuals, and rule books for international competition.
  • Maintain the Secretariat as a centralised source of specialist information, advice, and support service for organizers and promoters of wheelchair sport worldwide.
  • To establish a clear policy framework for the ongoing tasks on the ISMWSF and to represent those policies on behalf of wheelchair athletes at international meetings and conferences.
  • As the founders of the Paralympic Games, ISMWSF pledges to maintain an active and integral role in the Paralympic infrastructure on behalf and to the benefit of wheelchair athletes worldwide (ISMWSF, 1994).


6. ISOD International Sport Organization for the Disabled
President: Juan Palau
28008 Madrid
Spain
Tel. +34 1 547 1718

History: Many outstanding athletes do not fall into any of the categories covered by the above federations. Such athletes include people with amputations or disabilities arising from diseases such as polio or les autres conditions. ISOD ensures that such athletes can compete at the international and Paralympic level.
ISOD was founded in Paris, France, in 1964. It was one of the original members of the International Coordinating Committee and founding member of the International Paralympic Committee. ISOD is discussing closer working relationship s with ISMWSF.

Mission Statement: ISOD is responsible for organizing sports programmes for amputees and other locomotor disabilities, les autres, and shall also actively pursue development for the benefit of sports as a whole. The work with the International Paralympic Committee is therefore of major importance to ISOD.
The purposes of ISOD are:
  • To provide an international forum for the exchange of opinion, results of experiences and resources related to sports for the disabled.
  • To prepare and disseminate international principles and standards recommended for application in all programmes of sports for the disabled.
  • To plan, promote and coordinate international events and activities designed to stimulate and assist the further development of sports programmes for the disabled in all nations, including specifically: (a) international sport meetings, (b) technical and educational seminars and conferences, ( c) dissemination of relevant information, and (d) international exchange of technicians and disabled sportsmen.
  • To provide appropriate assistance to individuals and organizations working for the development of sports for the disabled (ISOD, 1985).
Special Olympics
In Ergänzung dieser Liste sei noch Special Olympics International genannt, eine internationale Organisation der nationalen Special Olympics Programme, die es auf der ganzen Welt gibt. Special Olympics ist eine unabhängige Sportbewegung für Menschen mit geistiger Behinderung. Sie ist nicht mit der Paralympischen Sportbewegung verbunden.

SOI Special Olympics International
1325 G Street, N.W.
Suite 500
Washington, DC
USA 20005 - 3104
Tel: +1 202 628 3630
Fax: +1 202 824 0200
URL: www.specialolympics.org

History: In 1968, Eunice Kennedy Shriver founded Special Olympics and hosted the first International Special Olympic Games in Soldier Field, Chicago.

Mission Statement: To provide year-round "Olympic-type” sports training and competition for children and adults with mental retardation in the United States and around the world. The goal of SOI is to help "bring all persons with mental retardation into the larger society under conditions whereby they are accepted, respected and given the chance to become useful and productive citizens” (Special Olympics Fact Sheet).
Official summer sports include:
Aquatics Athletics Basketball Bowling Equestrian Gymnastics Roller skating Soccer Softball Volleyball
Official winter sports include:
Alpine Skiing Nordic Skiing Figure Skating Speed Skating Floor Hockey Poly Hockey
These sports and demonstration sports are found in the program of the International Winter and International Summer Special Olympics. International competitions are held every two years, alternating between the Winter and Summer Games.


NATIONALE VERBINDUNGEN ZU DEN INTERNATIONALEN BEHINDERTENSPORT - ORGANISATIONEN
Die folgende Tabelle weist die nationalen Organisationen aus, die Mitglieder in ein em der sechs Dachverbände des Behindertensports sind (IOSD):
  • Comité International Des Sports Des Sourds (CISS),
    Internationales Komitee des Gehörlosensports
  • International Blind Sports Association (IBSA),
    Internationaler Verband des Blindensports
  • International Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Sports Federation (ISM-WSF),
    Internationale Organisation des Rollstuhlsports von Stoke Mandeville
  • International Sports Organization for the Disabled (ISOD),
    Internationale Sportorganisation für Behinderte
  • Cerebral Palsy International Sport and Recreation Association (CP-ISRA),
    Internationaler Verband für Sport und Freizeit bei Cerebralparese
  • International Sports Association for Persons with Mental Handicap (INAS-FMH),
Internationaler Sportverband für Menschen mit geistiger Behinderung.
Die Mitgliedsländer sind in sehr unterschiedlicher Weise in diesen Dachorganisationen vertreten. Das bedeutet, daß nicht in jedem Falle die IPC-Mitgliedsorganisation ebenfalls der Ländervertreter in den Verbänden von IOSD ist. Lediglich vier der IPC-Mitgliedsorganisationen sind zugleich Mitglieder in allen genannten Dachverbänden. In vielen Fällen sind spezifische nationale Behindertenorganisationen als Vertreter ihres Landes in den entsprechenden Dachverbänden organisiert. Häufig sind die nationalen Organisationen, die mit CISS und INAS-FMH zusammenarbeiten, unabhängig von der jeweiligen IPC-Mitgliedsorganisation.
Der vollständige Name, die Adresse, Telefon- und Faxnummer und sofern möglich ein kurzer Abriß der Geschichte, des Auftrages der Organisation sowie des Verantwortungsbereichs der in dieser Tabelle aufgeführten Organisationen sind unter Internationales Verzeichnis zu finden.
Viele Länder führten zusätzlich Mitgliedschaften in regionalen Organisationen an. Diese Organisationen stellen wichtige Verknüpfungen zum Austausch von Informationen und Fachkenntnissen dar und helfen bei der Schaffung von Wettkampfgelegenheiten.


Foto: Dachverbände und ihre Verbindungen